adressed by many previous answers:
It is difficult to compare these two places on such a general level. “Being green” is a mix of cultural decision, governmental action, and social patterns. The US and Europe are both very diverse places with many different variables of culture and social patterns. The governmental structure is also very different. It’s like the saying, “where you end up depends on where you start.” Comparing the two places on such a general level would be highly short-sighted as any discussion would disregard the history that has brought both places to their point that they currently are.
Public transport seems to be of more significant concern and use in Europe than in North America. In addition to the fact that Europeans walk more than U.S. residents (382 km vs 140 km per person per year), Europeans also make more trips on bicycles and through public transport. In a study conducted on public transport trends between Europe and the United States, the countries Latvia, Switzerland, and the Netherlands were the top 3 users of public transport/bicycling/walking, compared to the USA which ranked at the bottom below Australia, Canada, and Ireland.
I believe Europe has a lot more projects in the pipeline than America. America talks a big game but at the end of the day they focus a lot more on money than on the well being of their citizens. If there is a nickle to be spared on things that will not impact the country immediately, America is usually not to keen the spend the money on the technology. Although Europe isn’t a saint, I think they are developing better technology and doing so in a quicker manner.
I agree with previous answers that it is difficult to compare, but in general it seems that European countries are much greener when it comes to transportation, especially in cities. It’s interesting, however, when looking at Grist’s list of the top 15 green cities in the world, where both Europe and the U.S. are well represented (5 for Europe, 3 of the U.S). It’s tough to compare continents, and the best thing to take away from this is that greenness tends to be more regional and city-specific.
It is hard to say, and I don’t really think that you can make that determination. However, it does seem at though the EU has been a lot more open to climate agreements in the past, like the Kyoto Protocol, which the US would not sign. I’ve seen reasons for the States’ refusal to ratify cited as economic, and also attributed to the fact that China and India would not sign.
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