Are there still strains of the black plague going around?



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    The black plague, also known as the bubonic plague is a strain of Yersinia pestis (formerly Pasteurella pestis), which is a Gram-negative rod-shaped bacterium belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae. It is a facultative anaerobe that can infect humans and other animals. Human Yersina pestis infection takes three main forms: pneumonic, septicemic, and the notorious bubonic plagues. All three forms are widely believed to have been responsible for a number of high-mortality epidemics throughout human history, including the Black Death that accounted for the death of at least one-third of the European population between 1347 and 1353. These three strains still exist in the world today, however in modern times, several classes of antibiotics are effective in treating bubonic plague. Patients with plague in the modern era usually recover completely with prompt diagnosis and treatment.

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