Yes. There are over 70 genera and at least 1,000 different species of bamboo, and possibly as many as 1,600. Most bamboo species are native to Southeast Asia, though there are also quite a few different species that grow in Latin America and some that grow in Africa and North America.
There are over 1,000 species of bamboo; differentiation is often a result of locality. One difference among species is the rate and distance that roots spread throughout the soil. Another variation factor is the rapidity and size of growth: there are giant bamboos, such as the Dendrocalamus giganteus and the Phyllostachys edulis. Additionally, some species grow thorns, while others produce smooth stalks. Bamboo species may also be categorized according to:
*Color: golden bamboo (Phyllostachys aurea), black bamboo (Phyllostachys nigra) and reddish bamboo (Phyllostachys rubromarginata)
*Leaf type: wideleaf bamboo (Sinocalamus latiflorus), American long-leaved bamboo (Bambusa longifolia) and ruscus-leaf bamboo (Shibataea kumasaca)
*Purpose: Japanese timber bamboo (Phyllostachys bambusoides) and textile bamboo (Bambusa textilis)
Bamboo typically grows in tropical climates such as those of Africa and Asia, but it can be found in regions worldwide, including the southern and western United States.
Bamboo is typically divided into “sympodial” and “monopodial” meaning clumping and running, respectively. These categories describe how the root structures of bamboo grow. Some types of running bamboo can spread very quickly, but some bamboo plants can take 10-100 years to produce seed. There are around 76 genera and 1500 species of bamboo, though there are only around 3 species that grow naturally in the United States.
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