As of today, scientists have classified only two lizards as venomous. These are the Gila monster (Heloderma suspectum) and the Mexican beaded lizard (Heloderma horridum). Both of these lizards manufacture poison that is powerful enough to kill a human.
Two lizards are known to inject venom into their prey: the Gila (pronounced HEE-luh) monster and the Mexican beaded lizard. The Gila, found in northern Mexico and the southwestern United States, produces venom that is secreted into grooves in their teeth; when they bite into their prey, the venom gets into the other animal’s blood. Around 20 inches (50 centimeters) long, Gila monsters eat small mammals and birds as well as eggs. They have been known to bite people, but while their bites may be painful, they rarely cause serious harm to humans. The Mexican beaded lizard, a close relative to the Gila, can be a bit larger (around 31 inches, or 80 centimeters). It lives throughout much of Mexico and parts of Central America. Both of these lizards, during seasons when food is hard to find, can live for months off fat stored in their tails.
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