Yes. Minerals are a major non renewable resource. Minerals are extracted and exploited at an alarming rate. Take gold for example, it is a mineral that we have mined for years and it is non renewable.
Some minerals, such as gypsum, limestone, salt, and others are indeed renewable – they are being formed right now as the kind of deposits we mine. But in useful quantities, not even remotely on human scales – millions of years to create; decades to use up at typical consumption rates today. Even coal, natural gas, and oil are renewable on the earth’s timescales, but that is irrelevant to humans. Metals and similar materials are also “renewed” to the extent that they are mobilized by forces and magma deep in the earth and emplaced into deposits – but again it will be many millions of years before they are available to humans; and their volume is finite. There is of course a resource in all the copper, gold, iron, etc. that we have in use, which can be recycled. But there is a limit to the amount of copper wire you can make using the copper that is available now.
So, while “renewal” of minerals does happen, the scale of that renewal makes it useless to humans.
Also, this has been addressed several times before in other answers, if you search.
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