No; they were introduced to North America by Spanish conquistadores in the sixteenth century. Breeding hogs, rather than the feral ones that were first introduced, came in 1620 through Spanish missionary work. Hogs in the northeast came in the early 1600s from settlers in New England. According to textbook American Pageant, the largescale introduction of hogs led to greater erosion and environmental throughout North America because of the animals’ hooves.
They are not native, having been brought to America as domestic animals. Over time, some were either released into the wild or escaped. Feral pigs from Germany’s Black Forest were released into a hunting preserve in New Hampshire in 1893 and Russian pigs were put into a preserve in North Carolina in 1910 and 1912. All of these feral pigs have wandered and interbred, resulting in an estimated population of four million wild hogs across the U.S.
Javelinas, or peccaries, are native to the American Southwest, and greatly resemble pigs. Peccaries are related, but not in the same family as pigs.
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