Just as there are hundreds of species of domesticated dog, there are hundreds of species of wild dog found all over the globe. Several of these species are endangered, some because of human encroachment, some because of simple isolation, but each faces the real threat of extinction. Here are four species of wild dog, some in more danger than the others, but all of whom no are at the mercy of humans to be saved from extinction.
San Joaquin Kit Fox:
The San Joaquin Kit Fox is a subspecies of the much larger species of kit fox that is quite common in America. About the size of an average house cat, these foxes are one of California’s most endangered species. These foxes were isolated here generations ago and as human encroachment has begun to force the kit foxes out, they have struggled to adapt. Now only about 7,000 San Joaquin Kit Foxes remain in the wild. However, if human encroachment continues, they could end up like their cousin the Southern California Kit Fox, which went extinct more than a century ago for the same reasons. Like other kit foxes, the San Joaquin subspecies lives about seven years in the wild and is an ambush predator, using its brown-grey fur to disguise them as they stalk small birds, rodents, lizards and hares.
The Red Wolf once roamed across North America from Texas to Florida, however now it is all but extinct in the wild and only about 300 remain in captivity. They are not a relative of the more common-grey wolf, but rather a natural hybridization of grey wolves and coyotes. As a cross between a grey wolf and tan coyotes, both colors are expressed in the red wolf, making its pelt appear a cinnamon color with shades of brown and red along with a black coloring on its tail. Like their parents, red wolves are skilled hunters, hunting anything from small game such as rabbit to much larger prey including livestock. Red Wolves were commonly killed in the early part of the twentieth-century for killing cattle and other livestock.
The Maned Wolf is native to the grasslands and forested areas of South America from southern Brazil to the Andes Mountains. Sometimes described as ‘a red fox on stilts’, the Maned Wolf has a reddish-brown coat like that of a fox, but much larger bodies; these predators are about a meter tall and can weigh fifty pounds. Estimates of the populations of wild Maned Wolves suggest there are between 3000 and 4500 surviving. They are not extremely vulnerable, but the Maned Wolf is a solitary animal and requires vast home ranges. If the development of South America continues as it has the last few decades, there will be less and less land for these animals to live on and they will have a much harder time adapting since they do not live in social groups.
The Dhole is a medium sized canid, weighing about forty-pounds, that was once found throughout the entire continent of Asia. Humans represent the biggest danger facing the dhole’s survival as of right now. Habitat destruction from human encroachment and killing dholes to protect livestock has not only reduced the number of dholes in the wild, but also made it harder for them to hunt. This has made the dhole extinct in many areas and left only about 2500 individuals still alive in the wild. Additionally, dholes are highly social animals but unfortunately, they are also very vulnerable to disease and infection and oftentimes, entire groups are killed by expose to a toxin or virus.
There are a few different animals referred to as wild dogs, all of them in the family Canidae that includes wolves, foxes, jackals, coyotes, and dogs. Domestic dogs, including those that became feral, such as the Australian dingos, are not separate species. They are all considered subspecies of the gray wolf. Here are a few species of canines that are referred to as dogs (and are found in the wild). You can click on their names for more information about them.
African Wild Dog is found in savannas and lightly wooded areas of Africa, ranging from mid-Saharan latitudes to northern part of South Africa. They are endangered according to the IUCN Red List.
Indian Wild Dog, also known as Asiatic Wild Dog and Dhole, is also endangered. It is found in South and Southeast Asia.
The Bush Dog of Central and South America, on the other hand, is doing better and is listed as near threatened.
The Short-eared Dog is found in the basin of the Amazon River. It is also near threatened.
There is also the Raccoon Dog, found in eastern Asia. It is not actually related to the raccoon, although there is some resemblance. It’s in the best situation out of the above species – it is of least concern on the Red List.
The term dog can also refer to the tribe Canini, described as “true dogs”, which includes the above species (except raccoon dog), wolves, jackals, and a genus of South American foxes. So if we look at that term, we can find an endangered species – Ethiopian Wolf, and a critically endangered one – Darwin’s Fox, as well as a few near threatened animals.
Click here to cancel reply.
Sorry,At this time user registration is disabled. We will open registration soon!
Don't have an account? Click Here to Signup
© Copyright GreenAnswers.com LLC