according to Aristotle,which principle should be adopted by the best constitution?



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    Aristotle endorses a constitution that protects a common interest of the people regardless of the government type. However his conceptions of equality and deservedness are very old-fashioned in that his principles seek to maintain power in the male-dominated aristocracy. Aristotle felt that these middle to upper class men were the only ones who could truly be deemed “citizens” and thus were the only ones who should participate in political activity. He asserts that an ideal constitution is one where the “citizens” are truly “virtuous.” To the modern-day observer Aristotle’s conception of equality is far from virtuous, but he certainly lived in a different day.

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